Moving some print material

I have decided to move some of the training materials to

In order to cover the costs of this site, users can now download the Understanding CAO-48.1 instructional document as a kindle readable document, or order a hard copy from Amazon.



Welcome to Understanding CAO 48.1

The Site:

Understanding CAO 48.1 – A Generic Interpretation

The intention of this site is to gather information, so the air carriers conducting operations will have a reference point towards the safe application of the regulations.

None of these interpretations are endorsed, or approved by CASA.

Official reference material from CASA may be found at  this location: CASA CAO 48.1

Always check the approved OPSPEC and Operations Manual.


The documentation is provided “AS IS” and is solely intended to provide a general understanding of the author’s interpretation of the new CASA mandated CAO 48.1 Regulations , which must be implimented no later than 30-April- 2016.

The author makes no representations and disclaims any and all responsibility for the completeness or accuracy of the documentation. The author reserves the right, at his discretion, to change or modify the documentation as deemed appropriate.